Category: History

Rowlatt Act, 1919

Rowlatt Act: In view of the growing revolutionary terrorism and the on-going First World War, the Governor-General Chelmsford appointed a committee (the sedition or Rowlatt Committee) under the Presidentship of Sydney Rowlatt, a Judge of the King’s Bench in London, to investigate the nature and extent of revolutionary activities and to suggest legislation, if necessary,

The Home Rule League, 1916

Home Rule League: The Radicals failed to be allowed re-entry into the congress at its session in 1914, but consistent efforts throughout 1915, including the campaigns launched separately by Annie Beasant and Tilak through newspapers and local associations, secured them their re-entry in December 1915. The opposition to the Radicals was also considerably lowered by

Jallianwala Bagh Massacre [April 13, 1919]

Jallianwala Bagh Massacre Facts: Great atrocities were committed in Punjab during the regime of Sir Michael O’Dwyer or General Dyer, Lieutenant Governor of Punjab. General Dyer was known as the iron man of the Punjab. He had no faith in political reforms and consequently had no sympathy with the political agitators. He refused Tilak and

Wardha Scheme of Basic Education, 1937

Wardha Scheme of Basic Education- Mahatma Gandhi: Main Aim: The main aim of the Wardha scheme of basic education was ‘learning through activities‘. A committee worked out details of the scheme to be implemented in the provinces under the chairmanship of Dr. Zakir Hussain. Fundamentals of Basic Education: Free Compulsory Education: Mahatma Gandhi asserted that

Disintegration of Delhi Sultanate

Causes for the Disintegration of Delhi Sultanate: The rule of Delhi Sultans lasted for over three centuries- A.D. 1206-1526. There were many causes that led to the disintegration of Delhi Sultanate. These were: The Sultans of Delhi Sultanate believed in the power of the military. They came and conquered India by the force of their

The Bhakti Movement

The Bhakti Movement: In the 6th century A.D., the Bhagavata Purana placed the concept of bhakti on a very high pedestal. The word ‘Bhakti’ means devotion to God. The Bhakti Movement was not new, its doctrine had its origin in the Bhagavadgita and the Upanishads. The Bhaktas of God did not believe in any sort

Sufism In India

Sufism: Sufism was a liberal reform movement within Islam. It had its origin in Persia and spread into India in the eleventh century. They laid emphasis on love and devotion to God. The Sufi saints were known as pirs. They did not believe in rituals or ceremonies. They were religiously tolerant and hence attracted a

Harshavardhana or Harsha (606-647 A.D.)

Harshavardhana: Important Facts Pushyabhutis were the feudatories of the Guptas. They called themselves Vardhanas. The Pushyabhutis family came to the fore after the Huna invasion. The first important king of the Pushyabhuti dynasty was Prabhakaravardhana. His capital was Thaneswar. He assumed the title of Paramabhattaraka and Maharajadhiraja. He had two sons, Rajyavardhana and Harshavardhana and

Revolt Of 1857

The Revolt of 1857 has been hailed as the watershed or the ‘great divide‘ in the colonial history of British India. Battle of Plassey in 1757 marked the beginning of the political influence of the English East India Company, an influence which ended in 1858 when the Crown rule was established in British India. Nature

Philosophy Of Karl Marx

Philosophy Of Karl Marx: Dialectical Method Of Karl Marx: In Marx’s dialectical method three laws deserve mention- Law of mutual inclusion of opposites: According to this law, the existence of all objects is inclusive in each other. None exists separately. In the same way, even in different states of the same thing, the preceding states