Chemistry Notes For CBSE Exam:

Atomic Structure and Chemical Bonding:

Dual Nature of Radiations and Matter
Heisenberg Uncertainty Principle
Derivation of de-Broglie equation
Atomic Orbital and Bond Order
Shapes of Atomic Orbitals
Molecular Orbital Theory
Molecular Orbitals and its Formation by LCAO Method
Bonding in Some Diatomic Molecules (Applications of Molecular Orbital Theory)
Difference between Bonding and Anti-bonding Molecular Orbital
Difference Between Atomic and Molecular Orbitals

The Solid State:

Crystalline And Amorphous Solids
What is Crystal Lattice and Unit Cell?
Close Packing in Two and Three Dimensions
Coordination Number, Void, Ionic Radii and Radius Ratio Rule
Structures of Simple Ionic Compounds
Silicates and its Classification
Imperfections or Defects in Solids
Electrical Properties of Solids
Magnetic Properties of Solids
Dielectric Properties of Solids


Types of Solution
Concentration of a Solution
Derivation of Relationship Between Molarity and Molality
Derivation of Relationship Between Normality and Molarity
Derivation of Relationship Between Molality and Mole Fraction
Solid Solution
Vapour Pressure and Raoult’s Law
Ideal and Non-Ideal Solutions
Azeotropic Mixtures
Colligative Properties
Relative Lowering in Vapour Pressure
Elevation of Boiling Point
Depression in Freezing Point
Osmosis and Osmotic Pressure
Experimental Measurement of Osmotic Pressure
Isotonic or Isosmotic Solutions
Abnormal Molecular Mass
Van’t Hoff Factor


Electrolytic Conduction
What is Conductance?
What is Specific and Molar Conductance?
What is Equivalent Conductivity?
Measurement of Electrolytic Conductance
Electrochemical Cell (Galvanic Cell or Voltaic Cell)
EMF Of Galvanic Cell
Primary Cells- Dry Cell and Mercury Cell
Hydrogen-Oxygen Fuel Cell
What is Electrode Potential?
Phenomenon of Electrolysis
Electrode Potential and Electrolysis
Electrochemical Theory of Rusting and Prevention of Corrosion
Photoelectrolysis of Water
Electrochemical Series and its Applications
Difference Between Metallic and Electrolytic Conduction
Difference Between Electrochemical and Electrolytic Cell

Chemical Kinetics:

Rate of Chemical Reaction
Rate Constant and Specific Rate Constant
Order of Reaction
Molecularity of Reaction
Difference Between Order of Reaction and Molecularity of Reaction
Determination of Rate Law, Rate Constant and Order of Reaction
Rate Law Equation for the Zero Order Reaction
Rate Law Equation for the First Order Reaction
Rate Law Equation for the Second Order Reaction
Derivation of Half-Life Period for Zero and First Order Reaction
Factors Affecting the Rate of Reaction
Explanation of Increase in the Rate of the Reaction with Temperature
Arrhenius Equation (Dependence of Rate Constant on Temperature)
Concept of Activation Energy and Activated Complex
Difference Between Rate of Reaction and Reaction Rate Constant
Theories of Chemical Kinetics
Mechanism of a Reaction

Surface Chemistry:

Adsorption-Types and Applications
Difference Between Physical and Chemical Adsorption
Freundlich Adsorption Isotherm
Colloidal State of Matter and Classification of Colloids
Applications of Colloids
Difference Between Lyophilic and Lyophobic Sols
Preparation of Lyophobic Sols
Brownian Movement and Tyndall Effect
Electrical Properties of Colloidal Sols
Dialysis and Electro-Dialysis
Emulsions and Micelles
Applications of Emulsions
Coagulation and Hardy-Schulze Law
Protective Colloids and Gold Number
Catalysis and its Types

Nuclear Chemistry:

Nature of Radiations from Radioactive Substances
Alpha and Beta Particle Change
Group Displacement Law
Radioactive Disintegration Series
Rate of Radioactive Disintegration or Decay (Disintegration Rate)
Half-Life Period and Average Life Period
Nuclear Reactions
Difference Between Nuclear and Chemical Reaction
Artificial Transmutation of Elements
Artificial or Induced Radioactivity
Nuclear Fission and Nuclear Fusion
Radio-Carbon Dating

Coordination Compounds and Organometallics:

Addition Compounds
Ligand and Its Classification
Coordination Chemistry Definitions
Werner Theory of Coordination Compounds
Nomenclature of Coordination Compounds
Isomerism in Coordination Compounds
Bonding in Coordination Compounds
Crystal Field Theory or Ligand Field Theory
Stability of Coordination Compounds in Solution
Importance of Coordination Compounds
Organometallic Compounds

Ecological Succession or Biotic SuccessionImportant Biogeochemical Cycles
Ozone Layer Depletion or Ozone HoleSoil Pollution- Sources, Effects and Control Measures
Concept of Food Chain and Food WebSolid Waste Management
Grassland EcosystemSoil Erosion & Soil Conservation Measures
Xeric Adaptations in XerophytesEnvironment and Health– NIOS