Difference Between Atomic and Molecular Orbitals

Difference Between Atomic and Molecular Orbitals:

Following are the points of difference between atomic and molecular orbitals-

Atomic OrbitalsMolecular Orbitals
It is the region in space around the nucleus of an atom where the probability of finding the electron is maximum.It is the region in space defined by its size and shape and associated with two or more atoms in a molecule.
It is monocentric, i.e. the electron is moving in the field of only one nucleus.It is polycentric i.e. electron is moving in the field of more than one nucleus.
These are represented by letters s, p, d and f.These are represented by symbols σ, π, δ, Φ etc.
These have simple shapes.These have complex shapes.
It is only of one type.These are of two types i.e. Bonding and Anti-bonding.
These are less stable and acquire stability by forming bonds with other atoms.These are comparatively more stable than atomic orbitals and show no tendency to form bonds with other atoms or molecules.

What is Carbon Cycle? Process of Carbon CycleForest Ecosystem
Oxygen Cycle In NatureMan-Made Ecosystems (Agroecosystems)
Water Cycle In Nature [Hydrological Cycle]Wasteland Reclamation
Terrestrial BiomesPhotosynthesis– NIOS

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