Category: Social Science

Causes of the Reformation Movement

Reformation Movement: Meaning of Reformation: The term Reformation refers to a great religious reform movement in Europe during the 16th century. There was a big protest against the Christian Church in different parts of Europe and it ultimately resulted in the emergence of the Protestant Christian religion. This great religious movement was not only the evidence …

Battle of Plassey 1757

Battle of Plassey 1757: Battle of Plassey Background: (1) Building up of Animosity- After the death of Alivardi Khan, Siraj-ud-daula succeeded him as the Nawab of Bengal. From the very beginning of his rule, he wanted to check the growing power of the British. He tried to control the corrupt British officials and as such, became …

Executive Function of International Law

Executive Function of International Law: International society has no central organ for the enforcement of international law. According to Woodrow Wilson, “There is no earthly power to enforce obedience to rules on conduct as between nation and nation”. This absence of an executive function in internal law means that each nation is free to take any …

Shivaji as a Nation Builder

Shivaji as a Nation Builder: Shivaji’s greatest achievement was to weld together the Maratha race which was scattered like atoms through many Deccan Kingdoms into a mighty nation and to inspire them with ideals of unity and “Swaraj”. It was not in courage and physical strength that the Maratha lacked, it was the only inspiration that …

Causes of Failure of Muhammad Tughlaq

Causes of Failure of Muhammad Tughlaq: On account of the failure of his various impolitic schemes, there was great discontent among the Amirs and the nobles. The last sixteen years of the Sultan’s reign were a period of revolts and rebellions which he repressed at a heavy cost. There was a failure in rainfall and famines …

Gupta Art and Architecture

Gupta Art and Architecture: The three closely allied arts of architecture, sculpture and painting attained a high level of excellence during the Gupta period. The period witnessed the culmination of earlier tendencies and ushered in a new style in the movement of architectural types and forms. The period witnessed the culmination of earlier tendencies and ushered …

Gupta Literature

Gupta Literature: The Sanskrit language became prominent during the Gupta period. Nagari script had evolved from the Brahmi script. Numerous works in classical Sanskrit came to be written in the forms of epic, lyrics, drama and prose. The best of the Sanskrit literature belonged to the Gupta age. Some of the notable Puranas and Smritis were …

Definition of International Law

Definition of International Law: In fact, international law is the most important factor to preserve order and preventing the abuse of power in the international arena. Before discussing the effectiveness of international law as a check on the exercise of power, it will be worthwhile to note some definitions of international law that eminent writers have …

Is International Relations a Science

Is International Relations a Science Whether International Relations is a science or art is still open to great controversy. According to Quincy Wright, “International Relations is a field extraordinarily difficult for science to enter”. Prof. Organski, on the other hand, regarded it as a science. According to Prof. Organski, “there are unquestionable ways in which a …

What is a tropical cyclone? Why don’t tropical cyclones form within 5° of the equator?

What is a tropical cyclone? Tropical cyclones are violent storms that originate over oceans in tropical areas and move over to the coastal areas bringing about large scale destruction caused by violent winds, very heavy rainfall and storm surges. Tropical cyclones are called “hurricanes” in the Atlantic, the Caribbean and northeastern Pacific, “typhoons” in the western …