Category: Political Science

Executive Function of International Law

Executive Function of International Law: International society has no central organ for the enforcement of international law. According to Woodrow Wilson, “There is no earthly power to enforce obedience to rules on conduct as between nation and nation”. This absence of an executive function in internal law means that each nation is free to take any …

Definition of International Law

Definition of International Law: In fact, international law is the most important factor to preserve order and preventing the abuse of power in the international arena. Before discussing the effectiveness of international law as a check on the exercise of power, it will be worthwhile to note some definitions of international law that eminent writers have …

Is International Relations a Science

Is International Relations a Science Whether International Relations is a science or art is still open to great controversy. According to Quincy Wright, “International Relations is a field extraordinarily difficult for science to enter”. Prof. Organski, on the other hand, regarded it as a science. According to Prof. Organski, “there are unquestionable ways in which a …

Max Weber Model of Bureaucracy

Max Weber Model of Bureaucracy: The credit for laying down the fundamental characteristics that always characterise a bureaucracy, whether belonging to a capitalist society or a community system, belongs to Max Weber. According to him, an organization can be called Bureaucracy only when it meets or approximates the following criteria- The officials are personally free and …

Concept of Bureaucracy

Concept of Bureaucracy: Bureaucracy constitutes the permanent and professional dimension of the executive. It is usually described as the non-political or politically neutral, permanent, professionally trained executive which runs the administration of the state according to the policies laid down and under the control exercised by the political executive. Upon its qualities and efficiency depend the …

Scientific Management Theory of Organization

Scientific Management Theory of Organization: The organization is the most significant and integral part of the administration. Without proper organization, no administration can be possible. The administration is an organized activity. It comes into being and gets operationalized only through an organization. In today’s world, one’s life is inextricably interwoven with the organization whether it be …

Classical Theory of Organization or Administrative Theory

Classical Theory of Organization: The Classical Theory of Organization is also called Administrative Theory. It came to be developed in the early part of the 20th century. Henry Fayol, a French manager and industrialist put forward the basic premises of the organization theory in his book “General and Industrial Management” (1916). It was followed by the …

Scope of International Politics

Scope of International Politics: The scope of International Politics or International Relations has been very nicely presented by Frederick S. Dunn in his well-known book World Politics. It is here worthwhile to summarize the same and discuss it in the following manner- (1) International Relations (IR) may be looked upon as the actual relations that take …