Category: Political Science

Political Realism and Political Idealism

Political Realism and Political Idealism: Realism and Idealism are the main two competitors for recognition as a sound approach to the study of International Politics. The main exponents of Realism are Prof. Hans J. Morgenthau and George Kennan. There is a great controversy for recognition as an approach between realism and idealism. The controversy reached its …

Bargaining Theory in International Politics

Bargaining Theory in International Politics: Bargaining Theory is the further extension of Game Theory. The methods of bargaining theory are generally the same as that of game theory. The main emphasis of bargaining theory is on resolving international conflicts peacefully through negotiations. The negotiations are given main importance in this theory. The main exponent of this …

Critical Estimate of Game Theory

Critical Estimate of Game Theory: Game theory has its own weakness. Morton Shubik is of the view, “The essence of the game is that it involves decision-makers with goals and objectives whose fates are intertwined. They have some control but the control is partial. Each group or individual faces a cross-purposes optimization problem. His plans must …

Types of Game Theory

Types of Game Theory: There are several types of game theory. These are- (1) Zero-sum two person games. (2) Non-zero-sum two person games. (3) Zero-sum n-person games. (4) Non-zero-sum n-person games. In the first type, there are only two players, with the result the gains of one are always equal to the loss of the other, …

Meaning and Nature of Game Theory

Game Theory: Game Theory is a useful approach to the study of international politics. Originally, game theory was developed by Emile Borel as early as 1920. But it gained popularity only after John Von Neumann had brought out a volume in collaboration with Oskar Morgenstern, an economist, ‘Theory of Games and Economic Behaviour‘ in 1944. The …

Citicism of Karl Deutsch Communication Theory

Citicism of Karl Deutsch Communication Theory: Karl Deutsch’s communication theory has been criticized on several grounds. S. P. Verma gives the following points of criticism in his book “Modern Political Theory”- (1) “The theory has attached far greater importance to the area of pattern maintenance i.e. stability and equilibrium. But in a matter of revolutionary change, …

Major Concepts of Karl Deutsch Communication Theory

Major Concepts of Karl Deutsch Communication Theory: The major concepts of communication theory have been borrowed from the sphere of power engineering. Karl Deutsch works out, in his book “The Nerves of Government”, a very close analogy between communications engineering and power engineering, the latter deals with the transmission of power and the former information. Both …