Category: Political Science

Functions and Determinants of Alliances

Functions and Determinants of Alliances: The political significance of alliances writes R. Osgood is all the greater in this era of popular (including undemocratic) governments because alliances generally presuppose national or ideological affinities that go beyond the matter-of-fact expediencies involved in more restricted contracts. In fact, ‘alliances are an integral part of international politics. They are …

Factors or Roots of Nationalism

Factors or Roots of Nationalism: We have just seen the origin and development of nationalism. Now the question arises as to what accounts for the origin and development of nationalism? There are numerous factors that cause it to grow. These can be discussed as under- (1) Human Nature- Man cannot live without food and shelter. These …

Meaning and Nature of Nationalism

Meaning and Nature of Nationalism: In fact, if nationalism is unmentioned in any serious discussion of international problems, it is because its significance is assumed. As Carlton J. H. Hayes said, “So much is nationalism a commonplace in the modes of thought and action of the civilized populations of the contemporary world that most men take …

National Interest and Its Instruments

National Interest and Its Instruments: “The foreign policy of every country”, writes Palmer and Perkins, “is at all times presumably designed to promote the national interest”. This national-interest approach in the conduct of foreign policy is vigorously supported by the followers of the realist school of thought. One of the main spokesmen of this school is …

How International Conflicts are Resolved?

How International Conflicts are Resolved? Alliances play a major role in resolving international conflict. The political significance of alliances writes R. Osgood is all the greater in this era of popular (including undemocratic) governments because alliances generally presuppose national or ideological affinities that go beyond the matter-of-fact expediencies involved in more restricted contracts. In fact, ‘alliances …

Causes of International Conflicts

Causes of International Conflicts: The causes of International Conflict are numerous and varied. Exhaustive analysis of the causes has been made by various scholars and conferences from time to time. In fact, there is no end to list the causes of international conflicts. However, for our purposes, we shall divide the causes of international conflicts as …

Alternatives to Conflict

Alternatives to Conflict: Dahl says that “in a general way, people who conflict in pursuing their goals confront three kinds of alternatives (a) Deadlock, (b) Coercion, and (c) Peaceful adjustment. Although these are often mixed together i.e. concrete conflicts, it is useful to distinguish them analytically”. (a) “Deadlock” according to Dahl exists so long as each …

Nature of International Conflict

Nature of International Conflict: Nature of conflict is summed up by Mack and Synder in six conditions for identification and characterization of conflict- (1) First, conflict requires at least two analytically distinct entities or units, such as persons, groups in organizations. Conflict implies a minimum of visibility, contact and interaction (not necessarily face to face) between …