Soil Erosion & Soil Conservation Measures

Soil Erosion & Soil Conservation Measures: What is Soil? The surface material covering much of the earth, composed of the minerals, particles, humus, water, air, in which plants can grow is called soil. It is the loose material forming the upper layer of the earth’s crust. It is formed slowly over a longer period by chemical …

Impact of the Crimean war

Impact of the Crimean war: (1) It left a great impact on Turkey. The treaty of Paris gave it a new lease of life. The Russian claim of protection of the Christian subjects of Turkey also came to an end. Turkey was included in the group of European countries and they guaranteed her territorial integrity and …

Difference Between Transpiration and Guttation

Transpiration and Guttation: The following are the points of difference between Transpiration and Guttation- Transpiration Guttation Transpiration occurs mostly during the day when the temperature is comparatively higher. Guttation occurs during the cold hours of the night and early morning. Transpiration occurs through stomata, lenticels and cuticles. Guttation occurs through hydathodes. It is a loss of …

Difference Between Stomata and Hydathodes

Stomata and Hydathodes: The following are the points of difference between Stomata and Hydathodes- Stomata Hydathodes Found in the epidermis of leaves, young stems, perianth and fruits. Present on the tips and margins of the leaves at the vein ends. These are surrounded by pairs of chlorophyllous guard cells. They are surrounded by a ring of …

Treaty of Paris (March 30, 1856):

Treaty of Paris 1856: The Crimean war ended with the Treaty of Paris. On February 25, 1856, the representatives of England, France, Austria, Russia, Turkey and Piedmont-Sardinia assembled in the French capital Paris to discuss the peace terms. They all signed a treaty on March 30, 1856, which contained the following terms and conditions- (a) All …

The Young Turk Movement

The Young Turk Movement: The revolutionary movement in Russia (1904-1905) had repercussions in Turkey. Kemal Pasha had long recognized the need for reform within the Ottoman Empire and as chief minister had put into effect several reform measures. But the Sultan Abdul Hamid II dismissed Kemal from office in 1896. The reactionary policy of the Sultan …

Impact of the Non-Cooperation Movement:

Impact of the Non-Cooperation Movement: The sudden suspension of the Non-Cooperation movement led to the demise of the Khilafat issue and the breakdown of the precariously balanced Hindu-Muslim harmony. Shortly, after the movement was called off, communalism became rampant all over the country and serious riots broke out. In Kerala, an anti-Zamindar bloodletting was witnessed when Muslim …

Importance of Crimean War

Importance of Crimean War: The importance of the Crimean War lay in the fact that it shattered the peace of Europe and ushered in a succession of wars. It removed the shadow of Russian power from Central European affairs. The war was a personal triumph of Napoleon III and he had covered France with glory. By …

The Crimean War (1854-1856)

The Crimean War: The Eastern Question popped again and again in the history of Europe because the great powers in Europe suspected each other. According to Czar Nicholas, Turkey was the sick man of Europe and the Turkish empire was degenerating so it would be better if its division was well considered before its extinction. He …