Decline of Mercantilism

Decline of Mercantilism: The decline of mercantilism had started by the end of the eighteenth century. Adam Smith slashed the mercantilistic ideas and the publication of his book entitled “The Wealth of Nations” in 1776 ruined the prospects of mercantilism. Besides, the factors responsible for the decline of mercantilism are as follows- (1) Mercantilism laid excessive …

Significance of Napoleonic Era (1799-1815)

Significance of Napoleonic Era: The importance of the Napoleonic Era (1799-1815) does not lie in Napoleon’s military achievements. The very importance of the Napoleonic Era lies in that he fulfilled the historic aims of the Revolution. His foreign campaigns uprooted the old system which prevailed in many European countries. Consequently, Europe was rejuvenated and political power …

Short Note on Russian Revolution

Russian Revolution: The Russian Revolution is the most important event in the history of the twentieth century. This Revolution of 1917 is also known as the Bolshevik Revolution. It was a socialist revolution. Contrary to capitalism Socialism is considered egalitarian and just. The first phase of the Russian Revolution was over in March 1917 so it …

Short Note on League of Nations

League of Nations: The League of Nations was born on January 10, 1920. The 14 points for the establishment of peace on a just basis presented by Wilson before Germany on January 18, 1918, contained the idea of the League of Nations. When Wilson reached Paris to participate in the Peace Conference he made it clear …

Short Note on First World War

First World War: The war fought from 1914 to 1918 is called the First World War. It has its beginning in Europe and was mainly fought in the continent of Europe but all the countries of the world were involved in it in one way or the other. All the big powers of the world joined …

Short Note On Second World War

Short Note On Second World War: It is incredible that the generation which had faced a fierce war would be so readily disposed to resurrect the same holocaust and throw the world once again into a series of devastating events. But even then it happened because wars are born out of a desire for war and …

Objectives and Principles of the UNO

Objectives and Principles of the UNO: The Charter of the UNO is more elaborate than the Covenant of the League of Nations. It has 10,000 words, 111 articles and 19 chapters. The declaration of the UNO says that to dispel the fear of war forever, to defend the fundamental rights of man as well as the …

Indian Influences on Gandhi

Indian Influences on Gandhi: In his family, he was influenced very much by his parents. His mother, Putlibai, a lady of devout temperament, influenced his religious thoughts. She was a deeply religious woman who taught the young boy the lessons of saintliness. Gandhi learnt the alpha of religion from his mother which formed the foundation of …

Gandhi Concept of Passive Resistance

Gandhi Concept of Passive Resistance: Gandhi was an apostle of non-violence, yet he was not an apostle of cowardice. Non-violence for him was not the non-violence of the weak and the coward but of the strong and the brave. As he said, “Non-violence presupposes an ability to strike”. Hence when he rejected violent techniques as inappropriate …