Equality Before Law and Equal Protection of Laws: Article 14 guarantees to all person equality before the law or the equal protection of the laws within the territory of India. The first expression, equality before the law is a negative concept that means that no man is above the law of the land and every
Speaker and Deputy Speaker of the Lok Sabha: The Speaker is the Presiding Officer of the Lok Sabha. He not only presides over its meeting but also controls its working. The Speaker and the Deputy Speaker of the Lok Sabha are elected by the members of the Lok Sabha amongst themselves. When the office of
Functions of the Parliament: India has adopted a parliamentary form of government in which a harmonious relationship between the executive and legislature is brought about through the executive being formed out of the legislature which enjoys the confidence of the Parliament. Parliament is the supreme legislature and the most important wing of the Government, which
Appointment of Prime Minister: Under Article 75(1) President appoints Prime Minister. President appoints a person as Prime Minister who is a leader of majority party or group in Lok Sabha. In case no party or group is able to secure a majority after the election then the discretion of the President is exercised in the
Salient Features of the Indian Constitution: Every state has a constitution. In simple words, the constitution means a set of rules which determine the form of government, the powers of the government, the rights of the citizens and the relation between the government and its citizens. A constitution can be written or unwritten. A written
Necessary conditions for the successful working of Democracy: The word ‘Democracy‘ has originated from two Greek words ‘Demos‘ and ‘Cratia‘. ‘Demos’ means people and ‘Cratia’ means power. Thus, democracy means a form of government in which the power is exercised by the people. Thus, democracy means a form of government in which the power is
Achievements and Defects of the NATO: However, to have a clear picture of the role of NATO, it is imperative to note down its achievements as well as its defects or point of criticism. It is argued that NATO has functioned successfully during the last twenty years. It has improved relations among the great powers.
NATO: The North Atlantic Treaty (NATO) was signed in Washington on 4th April 1949, by the United States, Canada, Belgium, Denmark, France, Norway, Portugal and the United Kingdom. Greece and Turkey became members in February 1952. The Federal Republic of Germany joined NATO in May 1955. NATO is the central element in the network of
Causes of the Failure of the League of Nations: We have seen that the League failed in its primary objects of preserving world peace. Now the question arises as to what are the chief causes of its failure. According to Anthony Eden, the failure of the league was due to two causes. The idea of
Role of the League of Nations: The League of Nations had to its credit many accomplishments. It secured a settlement in the Aland Island and Upper Silesia when all other means had failed. In 1923, it successfully resolved a dispute between Italy and Greece and supervised the task of rehabilitating Greek refugees from Asia Minor.