Mughal Empire Important Facts: Zahiruddin Muhammad Babur (1526-1530): A descendant of Timur on his father’s side and of Chengiz Khan on the side of the mother. Mughals called themselves as Timurids. He was born in 1483. Babur ascended the throne at Farghana, a small principality in Transoxiana, in 1494 after the death of his father