Maratha Kingdom: Shivaji (1627-1680): Belonged to the Bhonsle clan of Marathas. Born at Shivner to Shahji and Jija Bai, into the family of a military commander under the Nizam Shahi rulers of Ahmadnagar, who later shifted loyalties to Bijapur. In 1637, he received the Jagir of Poona from his father but it was only in