Month: March 2019

Forest and Wildlife Resources:

Forest and Wildlife Resources: Important Points Forests play a key role in the ecological system as these are also the primary producers on which all other living beings depend. Biodiversity or Biological Diversity– refers to the variety and variability among all groups of living organisms and the ecosystem complexes in which they occur. Shannon-Wiener index

Solar System

Solar System Important Facts: Sun account for 99.85% of mass of the solar system. It continuously gives us energy in the form of Visible light, infra-red, ultra-violet, x-rays etc. The period of revolution of sun around the galactic centre is 250 million years and is called as cosmotic year or galactic year. Like all other stars sun


Buddhism Important Facts: Philosophy – Pratityasamutpada (reason behind everything). Buddhism has its foundation on three pillars– Gouthama Buddha- Founder. Dhamma- Principle. Sangha- Order of Buddhist monks and nuns. Siddhartha or the Gautama, also “Tathagata” and “Sakyamuni” was born in 563 B.C. in Lumbini (nepal), near Kapilavastu, the capital of Sakyan Republic, to Suddhodana and Mahamaya (the princess

Vedic Age

Early and Later Vedic Age: Early Vedic Period or Rig Vedic Period- (1500 B.C. – 1000 B.C.). Later Vedic Period- (1000 B.C.-600 B.C.). The vedic culture was rural. There is almost complete absence of towns in the Rigvedic period. Aryan was defined as a group of Indo-European Languages by Max Muller. Iron – first time references of iron was found

Indus Valley Civilization

Indus Valley Civilization Important Facts: Earliest Civilizations of the World: Around 3500 B.C., the first cities developed in Mesopotamia– located in the river valley of the Tigris and the Euphrates. Followed by Egyptian Civilizations in the Nile River Valley beginning around 3400 B.C. The Indus Valley Civilization(flourished between 2500-1500 B.C. with its peak period ranging between 2250-1750 B.C.). The Chinese Civilization in the Huang Ho or Yellow River Valley, beginning around 1583 B.C. Geographical Extent: Manda in J&K