Month: March 2019

Sayyid & Lodhi Dynasty

Sayyid Dynasty (1414-1451): After the death of Nasir-ud-din Mahmud, Daulat Khan Lodi became the Sultan, but was defeated by Khizr Khan(1414-1421) who was Timur’s Viceroy of Multan & Dipalpur & thus was founded the Sayyid dynasty. Khizr Khan claimed his descent from the blood line of prophet Mohammad. Mubarak Shah (1421-1434) was the protagonist of Yahya-bin-Ahmad

Tughlaq Dynasty (1320-1414)

Tughlaq Dynasty Important Facts: Tughlaq – personal name. Belonged to Qarauna Turk tribe, mixed tribe of Turk & Mongol stock. Ghiyas-ud-din Tughlaq (1320-25): Also called Ghazi Malik. First sultan of Delhi who took up the title of Ghazi or Slayer of the infidels. First sultan to start irrigation work. Gave up land measurement & started

The Khilji Dynasty (1290-1320): Alauddin Khilji

The Khilji (khalji) people were an ethnic group from Western Turkistan. Their ascendancy is known as the Khilji Revolution because  it marked the end of monopoly of power by the Turkish nobility & racial dictatorship. Jalauddin Firuz Khilji (1290-96): Ali Gurshasp (later sultan Alauddin Khilji) was the nephew & son-in-law of Jalauddin Firuz Khilji. After the

Freedom Struggle Newspaper & Books: List

Freedom Struggle Newspaper & Books: Books Author Satyarth Prakash Swami Dayanand Saraswati Why I am atheist? Bhagat Singh A nation in Making S.N.Banerjee A week with Gandhi Louis Fitcher Unhappy India Lala Lajpat Rai Kingdom of God is within you (book that inspired Gandhi) Leo Tolstoy Unto the last John Ruskin Life Divine Aurbindo Ghosh

Early Indian Nationalism

Indian Nationalism: Political Associations before the INC (Indian National Congress): In 1866, Dadabhai Naoroji founded the East India Association in London. In 1867, Mary Carpenter, biographer of Raja Ram Mohan Roy, founded the National Indian Association in London. In 1870, Poona Sarvajanik Sabha was founded by M.G.Ranade. In 1872, Indian Society was founded by Anand

Theosophical Society

Theosophical Society: Was founded by Madame Blavatsky & Col. Olcott in New York in 1875 to revive the ancient religions of Asia mainly Hinduism, Buddhism & Zoroastrianism. Though Adyar (near Madras) became its headquarters in 1882. propagating Hindu beliefs, reincarnation & Karma. The beliefs of the Theosophical Society were a strange mixture of religion, philosophy

Swami Vivekananda & Ramakrishna Mission

Ramakrishna Mission: Ramakrishna Paramhansa was a priest in the temple of Kali at Dakshineshwar near Calcutta. He aimed at the universal synthesis of all religions. “In a potter’s shop there are vessels of different shapes & forms- pots, jars, dishes, plates, but all are made of one clay. So god is one but is worshipped

Swami Dayanand Saraswati & Arya Samaj

Arya Samaj: Mula Shankar, later known as Dayanand Saraswati, was born in 1824 in a Brahmin family, in the petty state of Morvi, Kathiawar in Gujarat. Left home at the age of 21 & wandering for 15 years in search of knowledge. At last, in 1860, he found his guru in Swami Virjananda Saraswati, a

Raja Ram Mohan Roy & Brahmo Samaj

Brahmo Samaj: Gave birth to the Indian Renaissance. Popularly known as the “Father of Modern India”. Born in village Radhanagar, Hooghly District, Bengal on May 22, 1772 in an orthodox Brahmin, but rich zamindar family. He was a profound scholar of Arabic, Persian, Sanskrit, English & Bengali & also knew foreign languages like Greek, Latin

The Slave Dynasty (1206 – 1290)

Slave Dynasty Important Facts: Mohammed Ghori had no son to succeed him and so after his death, his able slave and viceroy Qutb-ud-din Aibak declared himself his successor in A.D. 1206. The period from A.D. 1206-1290 is known as the period of the Delhi Sultanate. The earliest Sultans of Delhi were known as Ilbarik Sultans