Geography IAS Mains Question Paper 2021

Geography IAS Mains Question Paper 2021:

There are Eight questions divided into Two Sections. Candidate has to attempt Five questions in all. Questions no. 1 and 5 are compulsory and out of the remaining, any Three are to be attempted choosing at least One question from each section.

Geography IAS Mains Question Paper- I:

Section- A:

1:- Answer the following in about 150 words each: (10 x 5 = 50)

(a) Describe the concept of ‘Altiplanation’.

(b) What are the important factors responsible for airmass modifications?

(c) Discuss the hazards associated with rise of sea-surface temperature.

(d) Gene pool centres are ‘Good Hope’ for biodiversity conservation. Elucidate.

(e) Describe how ecosystem services of Himalaya are essential for Highland-Lowland sustainability in Asia.

2:- (a) The concept of Plate tectonics has been derived from the isostasy and continental drift theory. Elaborate citing suitable examples. (20)

(b) Give a detailed account of bottom topography of the Pacific Ocean. (15)

(c) Soil erosion and soil degradation are threat to food supply. Discuss. (15)

3:- (a) Examine major influencing factors for varied patterns of precipitations on the continents. (20)

(b) Maritime security is being neglected. Indicate the major challenges and suggest solutions in the context of Law of the Sea. (15)

(c) Explaining the concept of carbon neutrality, describe the measures taken by carbon positive and negative nations. (15)

4:- (a) With suitable examples, elaborate human ecological adaptations. Explain its impacts on ecology and environment in various parts of the World. (20)

(b) Stream basins and drainage divides are important components to delineate a watershed area. Explain. (15)

(c) Indicating the causes of lightning, describe the threats associated with it. (15)

Section- B:

5:- Answer the following in about 150 words each: (10 x 5 = 50)

(a) The interrelationships between social and spatial structure are complex. Explain in the context of socio-spatial dialectic.

(b) How is energy transition seen as an instrument for achieving zero Carbon by 2050?

(c) Protected cultivation assists in healthier and a larger produce. Justify with examples.

(d) Explain the processes of contagion and hierarchical diffusion in addressing regional imbalances.

(e) Examine the relevance of Central Place Theory of Christaller in the present context.

6:- (a) Development-induced displacement poses serious challenges. Mention its causes, consequences and solutions. (20)

(b) Describe the role of accessibility and affordability in food security of developing world. (15)

(c) The environmental issues are not adequately addressed in the regional planning. Comment. (15)

7:- (a) Suggest criteria, indicators and techniques for delimitation of formal regions. (20)

(b) Boundaries are important in geopolitics. Explain. What issues develop from the inclusionary and exclusionary aspects of borders? (15)

(c) Small number of mega cities are playing key role in organisation of global economics and culture. Explain. (15)

8:- (a) Why is radicalism seen as a major paradigm shift in geography? Explain its causes, approaches and criticism. (20)

(b) Aging population has adverse social and economic consequences. Explain with examples. (15)

(c) Present a critical account of Alfred Weber Theory of industrial location. (15)

Geography IAS Mains Question Paper- II:

Section- A:

1:- (a) On the outline map of India provided to you, mark the location of all the following. Write in your QCA Booklet the significance of these locations whether physical/commercial/economic/ecological/environmental/cultural, in not more than 30 words for each entry: (2 x 10 = 20)

(i) Ziro Valley
(ii) Khecheopalri Lake
(iii) Toranmal
(iv) Subarnarekha River
(v) Koderma
(vi) Sir Creek
(vii) Periyar Wildlife Sanctuary
(vi) Peechi Dam
(ix) Digha Beach
(x) Pamban Island

(b) Discuss the geo-political impact of bilateral relationship between India and Bhutan. (10)

(c) Discuss the economic significance of volcanic soils of India. (10)

(d) Give a reasoned account of difference between sugar industry of North and Peninsular India. (10)

2:- (a) Landslide is a major problem in Himalayan region. Discuss its causes and mitigation measures. (20)

(b) Appraise why drought is one of the most common climatic extremes in India. (15)

(c) Discuss the ecological and economic challenges of river linking in India. (15)

3:- (a) Discuss the importance of solar energy in future economic development of India. (20)

(b) Critically examine the importance of Smart Cities Programme for solving urban problems in India. (15)

(c) Examine the significance of ecotourism in relation to socio-economic development and biodiversity conservation in India. (15)

4:- (a) Discuss the reserves, distribution and production of all varieties of coal in India. (20)

(b) Describe the salient features of east-flowing rivers of India. (15)

(c) Critically examine the problems of inter-State border disputes in India. (15)

Section- B:

5:- Answer the following in about 150 words each: (10 x 5 = 50)

(a) Discuss the salient features of Project Tiger in India.

(b) Describe the problems of cloud burst in India giving suitable examples.

(c) Discuss the role of watershed management for soil and water conservation in hilly regions of India.

(d) Critically examine the relevance of Ravenstein’s law of population migration with reference to India.

(e) Discuss Ashok Mitra’s classification method of Indian cites.

6:- (a) Explain the impact of tropical cyclones and western disturbances on the climate of India. (20)

(b) Examine the critical issues of groundwater resources in India. (15)

(c) Describe the structure and relief features of Deccan Plateau. (15)

7:- (a) Critically examine how Panchayati Raj system is catalyst in decentralized planning in India. (20)

(b) Identify the major industrial corridors of India and discuss the characteristics of Bengaluru-Mumbai Corridor. (15)

(c) Assess the growth of multinational corporations in liberalized economic environment of India. (15)

8:- (a) Examine how information and communication technology has boosted the development of certain regions of India. (20)

(b) Discuss the Command Area Development Programme and its impact on eliminating regional inequalities in India. (15)

(c) Critically assess the status of balance of trade in India and suggest measures to combat the issues. (15)

The Case of PangeaSoil Erosion & Soil Conservation Measures
Climate Change and its ImpactSeasonal Rhythm Of Indian Monsoon
Geographical Factors that determine India ClimateSources of Irrigation
Physiography Of IndiaDisaster Management
Geography IAS Mains Question Paper 2021: Paper- I and Paper- II

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