List of Important Hormones and their Functions

Important Hormones and their Functions:

Endocrine GlandsHormoneFunction
Pituitary (The master gland)Growth HormoneRegulates tissue and bone growth.
ACTH (Adreno-Corticotrophic Hormone)Controls structure and functioning of the adrenal cortex, especially secretions of gluco-corticoids and sex-corticoids.
FSH (Follicle Stimulating Hormone) or Gametokinetic FactorStimulates spermatogenesis in testes of male, maturation of Graafian or ovarian follicles in ovaries and secretion of estrogen in females.
TSH (Thyroid Stimulating Hormone)Stimulates thyroid to make thyroxine.
Oxytocin (Pitocin)Helps the uterus to contract during the childbirth.
ADH (Anti Diuretic Hormone) or Vasopressin or PitressinControls the amount of water reabsorbed by the kidney (Osmoregulation).
ThyroidThyroxineRegulates the rate of growth and metabolism. Production of too little of this hormone causes overweight and sluggishness. Too much of it leads to thinness and overactivity.
AdrenalCortisoneProduced by cortex of this gland. Aids in the conversion of proteins to sugar. The adrenal cortex itself is stimulated by the pituitary.
Pancreas (islets of Langerhans)InsulinRegulates sugar metabolism. Too little insulin leads to a high sugar level in blood and weakness- a condition called diabetes.
OvaryEstrogenDevelopment of secondary sexual characters such as the development of breasts in females.
TestisTestosteroneDevelopment of many masculine features such as the growth of moustaches and beard.

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