Global Warming

What is Global Warming? Troposphere, the lowermost layer of the atmosphere, traps heat by a natural process due to the presence of certain gases. This effect is called the Greenhouse Effect as it is similar to the warming effect observed in the horticultural greenhouse made of glass. The amount of heat trapped in the atmosphere depends …

Disintegration of Delhi Sultanate

Causes for the Disintegration of Delhi Sultanate: The rule of Delhi Sultans lasted for over three centuries- A.D. 1206-1526. There were many causes that led to the disintegration of Delhi Sultanate. These were: The Sultans of Delhi Sultanate believed in the power of the military. They came and conquered India by the force of their armies. …

The Bhakti Movement

The Bhakti Movement: In the 6th century A.D., the Bhagavata Purana placed the concept of bhakti on a very high pedestal. The word ‘Bhakti’ means devotion to God. The Bhakti Movement was not new, its doctrine had its origin in the Bhagavadgita and the Upanishads. The Bhaktas of God did not believe in any sort of …

Sufism In India

Sufism: Sufism was a liberal reform movement within Islam. It had its origin in Persia and spread into India in the eleventh century. They laid emphasis on love and devotion to God. The Sufi saints were known as pirs. They did not believe in rituals or ceremonies. They were religiously tolerant and hence attracted a lot …

Harshavardhana or Harsha (606-647 A.D.)

Harshavardhana: Important Facts Pushyabhutis were the feudatories of the Guptas. They called themselves Vardhanas. The Pushyabhutis family came to the fore after the Huna invasion. The first important king of the Pushyabhuti dynasty was Prabhakaravardhana. His capital was Thaneswar. He assumed the title of Paramabhattaraka and Maharajadhiraja. He had two sons, Rajyavardhana and Harshavardhana and a …

Revolt Of 1857

The Revolt of 1857 has been hailed as the watershed or the ‘great divide‘ in the colonial history of British India. Battle of Plassey in 1757 marked the beginning of the political influence of the English East India Company, an influence which ended in 1858 when the Crown rule was established in British India. Nature of …

NIOS Book Economics

Download National Institute of Open Schooling, NIOS Book Economics For IAS Exam Overview of Indian Economy / Hindi. Economic Planning in India / Hindi. Economic Growth and Economic Development / Hindi. The Problem of Unemployment, Poverty and Inequality / Hindi. Meaning, Scope and its Need in Economics / Hindi. Collection and Classification of Data / Hindi. …

Must-Read General Studies Booklist for UPSC IAS Prelims

Important Booklist for UPSC IAS Prelims: History: Ancient and Medieval Indian History: Ancient Indian History by R.S Sharma– Class 11th Old NCERT. Ancient India Class 11th Tamil Board Book- Newer Version. Medieval Indian History by Satish Chandra– Class 11th Old NCERT. Medieval India Class 11th Tamil Board Book- Newer Version. Themes in Indian History- Part I: …