Differences Between Algae And Fungi

The following are the points of differences between Algae and Fungi-

Algae occur in aquatic and subaquatic or moist terrestrial habitats.Fungi are found in terrestrial, subaquatic and aquatic habitats.
Possess chlorophyll, hence algae are autotrophic in their mode of nutrition.Devoid of chlorophyll, hence they are heterotrophic in their mode of nutrition. These obtain their food by saprophytic or parasitic means.
They prefer bright sunlight.They flourish in darkness and dim light.
They absorb inorganic nutrients from their environment. Their food consists of only inorganic materials like carbon dioxide, water and mineral salts.They absorb organic nutrients from their environment. Their food consists of organic substances and minerals.
Cell wall contains cellulose.Cell wall contains chitin or fungus cellulose.
The thallus is filamentous, uniaxial, and multiaxial pseudoparenchymatous, siphonaceous or parenchymatous.Such an elaboration is not present. Thallus or mycelium is made of distinct branched hyphae or the same may be compacted to form plectenchyma.
Food is stored in the form of starch or closely related polysaccharides and oil globules. Glycogen is never formed.Food is stored in the form of Glycogen and oil globules. Starch is never formed.
Cells contain central vacuoles.Cells often contain small vacuoles.
Septal pores are absent.Septal pores are quite common.
Dictyosomes are polycisternal.Dictyosomes are commonly unicisternal.
Airborne spores are rare.Most fungi produce airborne spores.
During sexual reproduction, plasmogamy is immediately followed by karyogamy.Karyogamy accompanies plasmogamy in some primitive fungi only. In others, it occurs after an interval during which a dikaryophase is formed.
There is a progressive evolution of sex in algae.There is a progressive reduction of sexuality in fungi.

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