March 11, 2021Pratihara and Rashtrakutas By Gk Scientist History 0 CommentsTable of Contents Pratihara and Rashtrakutas- Important Points:Pratihara:Rashtrakutas:Pratihara and Rashtrakutas- Important Points:Pratihara:Belong to the 36 Rajput clans and are a branch of Gurjaras, nomadic Central Asian tribes.Nagabhatta I founded the dynasty after he successfully defended Western India from the Arab Invasions.The Tripartite struggle, between Prathiharas, Rashtrakutas and Palas, began during Vatsaraja’s region. He defeated Dharmapala of Bengal but was defeated by Dhruva of Rashtrakutas.Nagabhatta II defeated Dharmapala and also expelled his protege, Chakrayuddha from Kannauj. But was defeated by Govinda III of Rashtrakutas.His exploits are recorded in the Gwalior inscription of his grandson.The Pratihara power reached glory under Bhoja I or Mihira Bhoja, who was enthroned in Kannauj in 836 A.D. He won over Bundelkhand, Jodhpur Pratiharas and Kalachuris.But his expansion was checked by Sankarvarman of Kashmir, Rashtrakuta Krishna II and Devapala.Mihira Bhoja was a devotee of Vishnu and adopted the title Adivaraha.The Chandellas and the Arabs of Sind acknowledged his supremacy and Sulaiman the Arab traveller visited the kingdom and Al Masudi called him King Baura.Mahendrapala I extended his power up to Magadha and Bengal.His court poet was Rajasekhara who wrote Karpuramanjari, Balaramayana, Balabharata, Kavyamimamsa, Vidhasalabhanjika, Bhrinjika, Bhurarakosha-Haravilasa.Mahipala was defeated by Rashtrakuta king Indra III.During Mahmud Ghazni’s raid on Kannauj, Rajapala fled from the battlefield.Yashpala was the last ruler of the dynasty and by A.D. 1090 the Garhwalas conquered Kannauj. Rashtrakutas:The term Rashtrakutas means designated officers- incharge of territorial divisions called ‘Rashtra’. And they were the feudatories of Chalukyas of Badami.The founder was Dantidurga, a feudatory of Vikramaditya II, who made Manyakhet his capital- after defeating the Chalukya King, Kirtivarman. He constructed the Dashavatara temple at Ellora.Succeded by his Uncle Krishna I who gave the final blow to the Chalukya power.He got the Kailasa temple constructed in Ellora, which is a magnificent rock-cut monolithic temple.Dhruva defeated Pratihara king, Vatsaraja and Pala King, Dharmapala and thus was the first Rashtrakuta ruler to decisively intervene in the tripartite struggle.Amoghavarsha I (814-878) fought long-drawn battles with Eastern Chalukyas and Gangas.He wrote Kavirajamarga which is the earliest Kannada work on Poetics. He also wrote Prasnottaramalika.Jinasena was patronzied by him who wrote Adipurana.Indra III (915-927) defeated Pratihara Mahipala I and was called by the Arab traveller, Al Masudi as ‘the greatest king of India’.Krishna III (939-965) defeated the Chola King, Parantaka I in the battle of Takkolam.Karka II (974-75) was overthrown by Taila II who founded the Chalukya kingdom of Kalyani.Rashtrakutas patronized Shaivism, Vaishnavism, Jainism and allowed Islam to persist- highlighting their spirit of religious tolerance.In Literature they patronized Sanskrit, Prakrit, Apabhramsa, a forerunner of many modern Indian languages and Kannada.The Slave Dynasty (1206 – 1290)Indus Valley CivilizationThe Khilji Dynasty (1290-1320)BuddhismTughlaq Dynasty (1320-1414)JainismSayyids & LodhisMauryan EmpireDisintegration of Delhi SultanateGupta EmpireVijayanagar Empire (1336-1649)India Between AD 750-1200– NIOSShare this:TwitterFacebookLike this:Like Loading...Related Posts Constitutional Development of India (1773-1935) Jainism Civil Disobedience Movement (March 12, 1930 – March 5, 1931) About Author Gk ScientistHere you can find important and main points regarding General Knowledge which is very useful for you to compete in any exam like SSC, UPSC, and other State Level PSC exam.Add a Comment Cancel replyYour email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *Comment:*Name:*Email Address:*Website:Save my name, email, and website in this browser for the next time I comment. Notify me of follow-up comments by email. Notify me of new posts by email.