Warm and Cold Winds:
- Wind is defined as air moving horizontally over the Earth’s surface.
- In other words, the horizontal movement of air is called wind, which always blows from high pressure to low pressure areas.
- The instrument used to find the wind direction is called a Wind Vane.
- Wind speed is measured by an instrument called Anemometer.
- The line joining places having an equal degree of wind velocity is called Iso kinetic lines.
|Wind Name||Wind Type||Area|
|Loo||Warm||From Thar towards North-Western part of India.|
|Foehn||Warm||Alps mountain Europe.|
|Chinook||Warm||The Rockies in North America.|
|Harmattan||Warm||From the Sahara Desert towards the Gulf of Guinea.|
|Khamsin||Warm||North Africa to the eastern Mediterranean|
|Zonda||Warm||On the eastern slopes of the Andes in Argentina.|
|Sirocco||Warm||From the Sahara Desert towards the Mediterranean sea.|
|Mistral||Cold||From central France and the Alps to the Mediterranean.|
|Pampero||Cold||Argentina, a very strong wind that blows in the Pampa.|
|Buran||Cold||Russia and Central Asia.|
|Bora||Cold||Adriatic Sea coast in Europe.|
- Snow Eater– Both Foehn and Chinook helps in animal grazing by melting of snow and hastens the ripening of grapes.
- Harmattan is called as doctor wind because it soaks the moisture and makes living better.
- Mistral channels downs the Alps through Rhone river valley.