Important Warm and Cold Winds

Warm and Cold Winds:

  • Wind is defined as air moving horizontally over the Earth’s surface.
  • In other words, the horizontal movement of air is called wind, which always blows from high pressure to low pressure areas.
  • The instrument used to find the wind direction is called a Wind Vane.
  • Wind speed is measured by an instrument called Anemometer.
  • The line joining places having an equal degree of wind velocity is called Iso kinetic lines.
Wind NameWind TypeArea
LooWarmFrom Thar towards North-Western part of India.
FoehnWarmAlps mountain Europe.
ChinookWarmThe Rockies in North America.
KalbaisakhiWarmWest Bengal
HarmattanWarmFrom the Sahara Desert towards the Gulf of Guinea.
KhamsinWarmNorth Africa to the eastern Mediterranean
BergWarmSouth Africa.
ZondaWarmOn the eastern slopes of the Andes in Argentina.
SiroccoWarmFrom the Sahara Desert towards the Mediterranean sea.
MistralColdFrom central France and the Alps to the Mediterranean.
PamperoColdArgentina, a very strong wind that blows in the Pampa.
BuranColdRussia and Central Asia.
BoraColdAdriatic Sea coast in Europe.
  • Snow Eater– Both Foehn and Chinook helps in animal grazing by melting of snow and hastens the ripening of grapes.
  • Harmattan is called as doctor wind because it soaks the moisture and makes living better.
  • Mistral channels downs the Alps through Rhone river valley.

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