Kinds of Organization

Kinds of Organization:

Organizations exist in a variety of forms. Scholars suggest several typologies of an organization on several different bases. The simplest classification offered is on the basis of the number of people who are working in an organization. On this basis, a two-fold classification is suggested.

(1) Small Organization- When the number of personnel working in an organization is very small, it is called a Small Organization. For example, a school with a single teacher is a very small organization. A hospital with a single doctor and a compounder or nurse is a small organization.

(2) Big Organization- The organization which has a large number of employees working to accomplish a specific task is called a big organization. Indian Railways, with more than thirty lakh employees, is a very big organization.

On the basis of the nature of the relationship among the personnel, a distinction is made between the two types of organizations.

(3) Simple Organization- Where the nature of the relationship among the members of the organization is direct and their activities are few, the organization is described as a simple organization. The family is an example of a simple organization. A local club is another example of a simple organization.

(4) Complex Organization- When an organization performs a wide spectrum of services, covering different sectors, it is called a complex organization. The Defence Ministry, which is responsible for safeguarding and serving the interest of the whole nation is an example of a complex organization.

On the basis of the structures and functions as well as on the basis of the role and significance of the human factor in an organization, a two-fold classification is made:

(5) Formal Organization.

(6) Informal Organization.

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