The Khilji Dynasty (1290-1320): Alauddin Khilji

The Khilji (khalji) people were an ethnic group from Western Turkistan. Their ascendancy is known as the Khilji Revolution because  it marked the end of monopoly of power by the Turkish nobility & racial dictatorship. Jalauddin Firuz Khilji (1290-96): Ali Gurshasp (later sultan Alauddin Khilji) was the nephew & son-in-law of Jalauddin Firuz Khilji. After the downfall …

Freedom Struggle Newspaper & Books: List

Freedom Struggle Newspaper & Books: Books Author Satyarth Prakash Swami Dayanand Saraswati Why I am atheist? Bhagat Singh A nation in Making S.N.Banerjee A week with Gandhi Louis Fitcher Unhappy India Lala Lajpat Rai Kingdom of God is within you (book that inspired Gandhi) Leo Tolstoy Unto the last John Ruskin Life Divine Aurbindo Ghosh Freedom …

Early Indian Nationalism

Indian Nationalism: Political Associations before the INC (Indian National Congress): In 1866, Dadabhai Naoroji founded the East India Association in London. In 1867, Mary Carpenter, biographer of Raja Ram Mohan Roy, founded the National Indian Association in London. In 1870, Poona Sarvajanik Sabha was founded by M.G.Ranade. In 1872, Indian Society was founded by Anand Mohan …

Theosophical Society

Theosophical Society: Was founded by Madame Blavatsky & Col. Olcott in New York in 1875 to revive the ancient religions of Asia mainly Hinduism, Buddhism & Zoroastrianism. Though Adyar (near Madras) became its headquarters in 1882. propagating Hindu beliefs, reincarnation & Karma. The beliefs of the Theosophical Society were a strange mixture of religion, philosophy & …

Swami Vivekananda & Ramakrishna Mission

Ramakrishna Mission: Ramakrishna Paramhansa was a priest in the temple of Kali at Dakshineshwar near Calcutta. He aimed at the universal synthesis of all religions. “In a potter’s shop there are vessels of different shapes & forms- pots, jars, dishes, plates, but all are made of one clay. So god is one but is worshipped in …

Raja Ram Mohan Roy & Brahmo Samaj

Brahmo Samaj: Gave birth to the Indian Renaissance. Popularly known as the “Father of Modern India”. Born in village Radhanagar, Hooghly District, Bengal on May 22, 1772 in an orthodox Brahmin, but rich zamindar family. He was a profound scholar of Arabic, Persian, Sanskrit, English & Bengali & also knew foreign languages like Greek, Latin & …

The Slave Dynasty (1206 – 1290)

Slave Dynasty Important Facts: Mohammed Ghori had no son to succeed him and so after his death, his able slave and viceroy Qutb-ud-din Aibak declared himself his successor in A.D. 1206. The period from A.D. 1206-1290 is known as the period of the Delhi Sultanate. The earliest Sultans of Delhi were known as Ilbarik Sultans as …

Forest and Wildlife Resources:

Forest and Wildlife Resources: Important Points Forests play a key role in the ecological system as these are also the primary producers on which all other living beings depend. Biodiversity or Biological Diversity– refers to the variety and variability among all groups of living organisms and the ecosystem complexes in which they occur. Shannon-Wiener index and …

Solar System

Solar System Important Facts: Sun account for 99.85% of mass of the solar system. It continuously gives us energy in the form of Visible light, infra-red, ultra-violet, x-rays etc. The period of revolution of sun around the galactic centre is 250 million years and is called as cosmotic year or galactic year. Like all other stars sun is …