|As it was not considered advisable to proceed with the work of the final form of the future constitution of India in the absence of the representatives of the Indian National Congress, it was decided to call a Second Round Table Conference, and in the meanwhile, efforts were to be made to bring about a reconciliation between the Congress and the Government. The efforts of Tej Bahadur Sapru and Sir M.R. Jayakar were crowned with success and the famous Gandhi-Irwin Pact was Signed in March 1931. As per the Gandhi-Irwin Pact, Congress agreed to participate in the Second Round Table Conference and only Gandhi represented Congress. Sarojini Naidu, the nightingale of India, represented Indian Women.|
The conference was a disaster. It was agreed at the Conference that Responsible Government must be established immediately and in full, both at the Centre and in the provinces, including complete control over finance, army, defence and external relations. But there was an unending discussion of the communal problem, punctuated by unruly scenes. Dr B.R. Ambedkar demanded a separate electorate for the depressed classes, but Mahatma Gandhi opposed the grant of a separate electorate to the “so-called untouchables” on the ground that they could not be classified as a separate class. Ultimately the Conference broke down since no agreed solution could be formed to the communal issue and Mahatma Gandhi returned to India towards the end of 1931, utterly disillusioned. Gandhi said in distress that while he had asked for bread, he was given a stone.