Alauddin Khilji Mongol Policy

Alauddin Khilji Mongol Policy:

The invasion of India over and over again by the Mongols forced Alauddin Khilji to adopt some definite policy. To protect the kingdom from the Mongol invades the Sultan adopted the following measures:

(1) All those forts that lay on the routes of the Mongols were repaired and many new ones were built at strategic places.

(2) The number of soldiers was increased many folds to face the Mongol invasions more effectively. More attention was began to be paid towards the organization, training, and discipline of the army.

(3) Frontier provinces especially those of Samana, Dipalpur, and Multan were strongly garrisoned so that the Mongols could be checked at the frontiers rather than allowed to penetrate deep into the country.

(4) Many veteran Commanders like Ghazi Tughlaq were placed the charge of the Frontier Province, who were able to check Mongols.

(5) Special attention was paid to produce better types of weapons and the royal army was considerably strengthened and increased.

(6) A large number of Mongols, who had settled near Delhi during the reign of Jalaluddin Khilji and who had begun to be called ‘New Muslims’ were massacred in thousands. Even the women and children were not spared.

By following the above measures Alauddin Khilji frightened the Mongols, so much that they dared not attack India during the rest of Alauddin’s reign.

The Khilafat Movement, 1919-1920
The Non-Cooperation Movement (1920-22)
Simon Commission, 1927
The Nehru Report (1928)
Poorna Swaraj or Lahore Session of Congress (1929)
Civil Disobedience Movement (March 12, 1930 – March 5, 1931)
Gandhi-Irwin Pact: March 5, 1931
Round Table Conferences 1930-1932
The Government of India Act 1935
Wardha Scheme of Basic Education, 1937
Legacy of 19th Century– NIOS

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