Sri Aurobindo, the famous sage of Pondicherry was born in Calcutta on August 15, 1872. his father sent him to England for education at the age of seven. He remained there for fourteen years for completing his education both in London and Cambridge. His father wanted to anglogise him completely. He wanted to keep him away from the Indian and Eastern Culture. He mastered English, Latin, Greek and also learnt French, German, Italian and Spanish. He was a very brilliant student and passed the open competition for I.C.S (now renamed as I.A.S). But he did not qualify for the service, as he did not present himself at the practical examination, perhaps intentionally, as he nourished a feeling of resentment against a foreign rule in India.
Sri Aurobindo returned to India in 1893 and served for thirteen years in the administration of Prince Gaekwad. Here he learnt Sanskrit and several modern Indian languages and assimilated the spirit of Indian civilization and Hindu religion.
At the partition of Bengal in 1905, Sri Aurobindo resigned from his Baroda job and went to Calcutta to direct the newly awakened spirit of nationalism. He could remain in the political field only for four years but even during this short period, he revolutionized the political thought in the country through his writing, speeches and famous journals like Bande Matram, Karma Yogin and Dharma. He roused the intense feeling of nationalism in the people of India and finally declared complete independence as the goal of the struggle for independence. For his revolutionary political activities, he suffered imprisonment many times. In Alipur jail he realized the presence of God in a dream. He was so much influenced by the Divine Vision, the Vision of God that in 1915, after his release from prison, he quitted all political activities and retired to Pondicherry for peace and spiritual advancement. There he built an Ashram known as Aurobindo Ashram, where he spent the rest of his life doing Yoga Sadhna, meditation for spiritual growth and development. Thus Aurobindo was transformed from a politician to a philosopher and in this capacity, he preached to the World his philosophy of Dharma, Spiritual Growth, Yoga and Educational ideology. He spent his entire life in the Ashram and died in 1950.