JKPSC KAS Mains 2021 Political Science Paper 2

JKPSC KAS Mains 2021 Political Science Paper 2:


Please read each of the following instructions carefully before attempting the paper.

(i) There are eight questions divided in two Sections and printed in English. Candidate has to attempt Five questions in All. Questions No. 1 and 5 are compulsory and out of the remaining, any Three are to be attempted choosing at least One question from each Section. The number of marks carried by a Question/Part is indicated against it. Answers must be written in English in Question-Cum-Answer (QCA) Booklet in the space provided.

(ii) Your answer should be precise and coherent.

(iii) If you encounter any typographical error, please read it as it appears in the text book.

(iv) Candidates are in their own interest advised to go through the general instructions on the back side of the title page of the Answer Script for strict adherence.

(v) No continuation sheets shall be provided to any candidate under any circumstances.

(vi) No blank page be left in between answer to various questions.


1. Answer the following questions in about 150 words each:- (5 x 10 = 50)

(a) Write three major differences about the changing nature of the state in advanced industrial and developing societies. (10)

(b) ‘Although interest groups and pressure groups are very similar in nature, yet they are different in their working. Comment. (10)

(c) Do you agree that in international politics, states have neither permanent enemies nor friends, but only permanent interests. (10)

(d) Discuss ‘Buck Passing’ as a strategy in power balancing. (10)

(e) ‘AUKUS is good for containing China’s belligerence in the Indo-Pacific’. Elucidate. (10)

2. (a) Critically examine the utility of political economy approach to the study of comparative politics. (20)

(b) Do you think that ‘failed states’ are a cause for concern for international peace and security? (15)

(c) Discuss the role of transnational actors in the globalisation of the economy. (15)

3. (a) ‘The United States has been fading as a global power’. Comment. (20)

(b) Some of the ideas raised in the demand for New International Economic Order are still relevant and useful. Elucidate. (15)

(c) Write a short note on the New START Treaty between the USA and Russia. (15)

4. (a) Given the current turmoil in Afghanistan, do you think that there is a need to rethink promotion of democracy as a global strategy? (20)

(b) Differentiate between classical realism and neorealism. (15)

(c) How is the World Health Organisation (WHO) responding to Covid-19? (15)


5. Answer the following questions in about 150 words each:- (5 x 10 = 50)

(a) Highlight the key characteristics of India’s diplomacy in recent times. (10)

(b) Distinguish between India’s Non-Alignment 1.0 and Non-Alignment 2.0. (10)

(c) How India’s Look East Policy is different from its Act East Policy? (10)

(d) What are the major challenges for India’s membership in the Nuclear Supplier Group allign? (10)

(e) Discuss the main features of ‘New Delhi Consensus’. (10)

6. (a) ‘There is more continuity than change in India’s foreign policy’. Elucidate. (20)

(b) Do you agree that the failure of SAARC to further regional cooperation in South Asia has pushed India to search for alternative regional institutions? (15)

(c) ‘The border dispute has now turned into a permanent political irritant between India and Nepal’. Discuss. (15)

7. (a) ‘The 21st century is going to be the Indian century’. Analyse. (20)

(b) Assess the progress made by the India-Africa Forum Summit. (15)

(c) ‘Given their geopolitical tensions, India and China are going to be in a perpetual state of confrontation. Discuss. (15)

8. (a) Critically examine India’s vision for a New World Order. (20)

(b) Analyse India’s call for reforms in UN Peace-Keeping operations. (15)

(c) Discuss India’s views on the Treaty on Prohibition of Nuclear Weapons, 2021. (15)

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