Mood of Verbs

Mood of Verbs:

(1) A Mood is the mode or manner in which the idea denoted by a Verb is expressed. The Moods are of four types-

(2) A Verb is in the Indicative Mood when it makes a statement, positive, negative or interrogative, or expresses a supposition which is regarded as a fact; as,

  • I go out for a walk in the morning. (Positive)
  • He has not finished his work. (Negative)
  • Whom do you want to see? (Interrogative)
  • If he works hard, he will pass. (Supposition rgarded as a fact)

(3) A Verb in the Imperative Mood when it expresses, command, request, entreaty or a piece of advice; as,

  • Do it at once. Do not stop singing. (Command)
  • Help the needy and God will help you. (Advice)
  • Please lend me your book. (Request)
  • Let me go to bed. (Entreaty)

(4) A Verb is in the Subjunctive Mood when it expresses a condition, consequence, wish or desire, doubt, purpose, supposition but not a fact; as,

  • May he live long! (Wish)
  • I wish I were a minister; Would that he were present! (Desire)
  • He works hard so that he may pass; Walk carfully lest you should fall. (Purpose)
  • Should I be (if I were) here, I would help you. (Condition)
  • If he had worked hard, he would have got through the examination. (Supposition)

Note 1: Sometimes If is omitted and the Subjunctive Mood is expressed by placing should, had or were before the subject; as,

  • Had he been here, he would have helped me.
  • Should he come here, I will talk to him.
  • Were he to come here, I will see him.

Note 2:

  • Lost is generally followed by should.
  • May and Might come after that.

Note 3: In the Subjunctive Mood Plural Verb is used for the first and third persons Singular in the past tense; as,

  • If he were here, he would come to me.
  • If I were he, I would have helped you.

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