National Movement become a Mass Movement after 1919:
There were many reasons that made our national movement a popular movement after World War-I. They can be stated as under-
(1) World War-I put such a huge economic strain on India that Indians were really ground under its weight. It estranged the people from the British government.
(2) The appearance of Mohandas Karam Chand Gandhi on the national political scene gave our National Movement a new turn. His policy of non-violence, use of the spinning wheel and his sincere efforts for Hindu-Muslim unity attracted millions of people towards the national movement and thus made it a mass movement.
(3) Establishment of a socialist government in the U.S.S.R. too influenced our National Movement. Russia declared that he would support all those countries that were fighting for freedom.
(4) The First World War ended the absolute rule in many countries like Germany, Austria and Russia. It exercised a very favourable influence on the political atmosphere of India.
(5) The defeat of Turkey in the First World War and her division by the victors (England was also one of them) caused an atmosphere of resentment among the Muslims of India (Khalifa of Turkey was the leader of all Muslims) and they turned against the British.
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