Ancient Indian History GK Part 1

Ancient Indian History GK Part 1:

  • Copper, used most widely by the Harappans, was obtained from- Khetri mines.
  • The term ‘Vishti’ stands for- Forced Labour.
  • Who propounded the Madhyamika school of Buddhist philosophy, popularly known as Sunyavada- Nagarujana.
  • Which ‘Pitaka’ contains the profound philosophy of the Buddha’s teachings- Abhidhamma Pitaka.
  • The Buddha delivered his first sermon at- Sarnath (Isipatana).
  • Jainism was propagated in South India by- Bhadrabahu.
  • Asoka is generally mentioned in his inscription as- Devanampiya Piyadasi.
  • Who deciphered the Asokan Brahmi script in 1837- James Princep.
  • Which type of pottery used throughout the Mauryan Empire- Northern Black Polished Ware.
  • The standard coin of the Mauryan Empire was- Silver Pana.
  • Who is the author of Rajatarangini- Kalhana.
  • The office of the Dhamma-mahamatras was created by- Asoka.
  • The manuscript of Arthasastra was discovered by R. Shama Sastri in- 1904.
  • Who was called as ‘Indian Machiavelli’- Kautilya.
  • Arthasastra a book in Sanskrit was written by- Kautilya also known as Vishnugupta or Chanakya.
  • Mudrarakshasa is a drama in Sanskrit written by- Visakadatta.
  • Megasthenes was sent to the Chandragupta Maurya court as Greek ambassador by- Seleucus Nicator.
  • Who was called by the Greeks as “Amitragatha” meaning slayer of enemies- Bindusara.
  • Asoka convened the Third Buddhist Council at Pataliputra in 250 B.C. Who presided over this council- Moggaliputta Tissa.
  • In Jainism, the devotees were known as- Siddhas.
  • Brihadratha was the last Mauryan king and was assassinated by his own commander-in-chief- Pusyamitra Sunga.
  • Who built the famous Sanchi stupa- Asoka.
  • The details of Asoka’s war with Kalinga are given in the- XIII Rock Edict.
  • Who was the founder of the Satavahana dynasty- Simuka.
  • Who was the founder of the Saka era which starts from 78 A.D.- Kanishka.
  • The author of Buddhacharita was- Asvagosha.
  • The only son of Asoka found mentioned in his inscription is- Tivara.
  • The most famous centre of learning during the Mauryan period was- Taxila.
  • The Pandyan rule of the Sangam age declined due to the invasion of- Kalabhras.
  • Who was the founder of the Gupta dynasty- Sri Gupta.
  • The famous Chinese pilgrim, Fahien visited India during the reign of- Chandragupta II.
  • Who composed Pancha Siddhantika, the five astronomical systems- Varahamihira.
  • Samudragupta called “Napoleon of India” by- Vincent Smith.
  • Which king has been described as the “lord of the five Indies”- Harshavardhana.
  • The Vedic deity Indra was the goddess of- Rain and thunder.
  • Which Veda contains the Gayatri Mantra- Rig Veda.
  • The first discourse of Buddha at Deer Park in Sarnath is called- Dharmachakrapravartan.
  • Who popularised the theory of ‘Arctic Region’ as the original home of Aryans- B.G.Tilak.
  • In the Rig Vedic period, the most important functionary after the king was- Purohita.
  • Pulakesin II defeated Harshavardhana on the bank of the river- Narmada.
  • Chandragupta Maurya spent his last days at- Sravanabelagola.
  • The ancient kingdom of Avanti had its capital at- Ujjain.

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