Swami Vivekananda & Ramakrishna Mission

Ramakrishna Mission: Ramakrishna Paramhansa was a priest in the temple of Kali at Dakshineshwar near Calcutta. He aimed at the universal synthesis of all religions. “In a potter’s shop there are vessels of different shapes & forms- pots, jars, dishes, plates, but all are made of one clay. So god is one but is worshipped in …

Raja Ram Mohan Roy & Brahmo Samaj

Brahmo Samaj: Gave birth to the Indian Renaissance. Popularly known as the “Father of Modern India”. Born in village Radhanagar, Hooghly District, Bengal on May 22, 1772 in an orthodox Brahmin, but rich zamindar family. He was a profound scholar of Arabic, Persian, Sanskrit, English & Bengali & also knew foreign languages like Greek, Latin & …

The Slave Dynasty (1206 – 1290)

Slave Dynasty Important Facts: Mohammed Ghori had no son to succeed him and so after his death, his able slave and viceroy Qutb-ud-din Aibak declared himself his successor in A.D. 1206. The period from A.D. 1206-1290 is known as the period of the Delhi Sultanate. The period after Mohammed Ghori’s death is called the period of …

Forest and Wildlife Resources

Forest and Wildlife Resources: Important Points Forests play a key role in the ecological system as these are also the primary producers on which all other living beings depend. Biodiversity or Biological Diversity– refers to the variety and variability among all groups of living organisms and the ecosystem complexes in which they occur. Shannon-Wiener index and …

Solar System

Solar System Important Facts: Sun account for 99.85% of mass of the solar system. It continuously gives us energy in the form of Visible light, infra-red, ultra-violet, x-rays etc. The period of revolution of sun around the galactic centre is 250 million years and is called as cosmotic year or galactic year. Like all other stars sun is …

Buddhism

Buddhism Important Facts: Philosophy – Pratityasamutpada (reason behind everything). Buddhism has its foundation on three pillars– Gouthama Buddha- Founder. Dhamma- Principle. Sangha- Order of Buddhist monks and nuns. Siddhartha or the Gautama, also “Tathagata” and “Sakyamuni” was born in 563 B.C. in Lumbini (nepal), near Kapilavastu, the capital of Sakyan Republic, to Suddhodana and Mahamaya (the princess of Kosal dynasty). …

Vedic Age

Early and Later Vedic Age: Early Vedic Period or Rig Vedic Period- (1500 B.C. – 1000 B.C.). Later Vedic Period- (1000 B.C.-600 B.C.). The vedic culture was rural. There is almost complete absence of towns in the Rigvedic period. Aryan was defined as a group of Indo-European Languages by Max Muller. Iron – first time references of iron was found in …

Indus Valley Civilization

Indus Valley Civilization Important Facts: Earliest Civilizations of the World: Around 3500 B.C., the first cities developed in Mesopotamia– located in the river valley of the Tigris and the Euphrates. Followed by Egyptian Civilizations in the Nile River Valley beginning around 3400 B.C. The Indus Valley Civilization (flourished between 2500-1500 B.C. with its peak period ranging between 2250-1750 B.C.). The Chinese Civilization in the Huang Ho or Yellow River Valley, beginning around 1583 B.C. Geographical Extent: Manda in J&K …