JKPSC KAS Mains 2021 Sociology Paper 1

JKPSC KAS Mains 2021 Sociology Paper 1:


Please read each of the following instructions carefully before attempting the paper.

(i) There are eight questions divided in two Sections and printed in English. Candidate has to attempt Five questions in All. Questions No. 1 and 5 are compulsory and out of the remaining, any Three are to be attempted choosing at least One question from each Section. The number of marks carried by a Question/Part is indicated against it. Answers must be written in English in Question-Cum-Answer (QCA) Booklet in the space provided.

(ii) Your answer should be precise and coherent.

(iii) If you encounter any typographical error, please read it as it appears in the text book.

(iv) Candidates are in their own interest advised to go through the general instructions on the back side of the title page of the Answer Script for strict adherence.

(v) No continuation sheets shall be provided to any candidate under any circumstances.

(vi) No blank page be left in between answer to various questions.


1. Answer the following questions in about 150 words each. (5 x 10 = 50)

(a) What are the factors that led to the emergence of Sociology in the West? Trace the origins of the discipline in Europe. (10)

(b) Sociology as compared to common sense is not limited by time and space. Comment. (10)

(c) Compare Sociology and Social Anthropology as academic disciplines. (10)

(d) Explain Max Weber’s theory of social action.

(e) Describe the concept of intersectionality with illustrations from gender and caste. (10)

2. (a) Is Sociology a Science? Explain with reference to Sociological theories. (20)

(b) Discuss the role of education in Social Change. (15)

(c) Discuss the importance of gender and ethics in research. Illustrate with examples. (15)

3. (a) Explain the dialectical approach to the study of history of society. (20)

(b) Discuss Robert Merton’s approach to the study of society. (15)

(c) Explain the concepts of mind, self and society with reference to Mead. (15)

4. (a) What are social facts? Explain with reference to Durkheim. (20)

(b) Describe Weber’s approach to stratification in society. (15)

(c) Discuss the scientific method of enquiry. (15)


5. Answer the following questions in about 150 words each. (5 x 10 = 50)

(a) What are the different types of family? (10)

(b) What is a social movement? Illustrate with the help of any one social movement in India. (10)

(c) Explain Andre Gunder Frank’s theory of development. (10)

(d) Explain the relationship between religion and economy in the context of emergence of capitalism. (10)

(e) What are sects and cults? Illustrate your answer with examples. (10)

6. (a) Describe race and ethnicity as forms of social stratification. (20)

(b) Explain the concept of social mobility with reference to India. (15)

(c) Explain the symbolic interactionist perspective to the study of society. (15)

7. (a) Explain gender as a form of stratification. (20)

(b) Describe the concept of power elite. (15)

(c) Sociological theory was essentially androcentric during its period of emergence. Comment. (15)

8. (a) How is work organized in a technologically simple society? Illustrate with examples. (20)

(b) Explain Durkheim’s approach to the study of religion. (15)

(c) How is social equilibrium maintained in society. Discuss with reference to Talcott Parsons. (15)

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